Places Of Interest
district made significant contribution to the Haryana heritage and Banawali, and were
pre-Harappan, and Harappan settlements and centr6s of. activity during pre-historic times. The Asokan pillars at Fatehabad (originally of Agroha or Hansi) and now
the latest sensation of the area of village Kunal are important..
medieval period, the district :.rose into prominence continually. Important monuments like forts, gates, palaces,
mosques and mausoleums at Fatehabad and the importance of the ,district during Sultanate
and Mughal rule.
pages describe the places of interest which are known for their antiquity or have acquired
importance on account of their economic and industrial development.
Banawali (Tehsil Fatebabad)
The ancient mound
of Banawali previously called Vanawali, lies 14 kms, north-west of Fatehabad on the
right.bank of the Rangoi Nala oa,290 37' 5' north latitude and 750 23',6' cast longitude. This proto-historic mound spread over an area of I
sq. kms., rose to a height of about 10 metres due to successive settlements on the earlier
excavations done here by the Department of Archaeology, Haryana have revealed a 'well
constructed fort town o the Harappan period overlying an extensive proto-urban settlement
of the pre.-Harappan culture. If the
discovered ancient relics are pieced together, a fairly coherent picture emerges and it
can be conjured up that if Kalibangan was a metropolitan town over; the lower middle
valley of the Saraswati, Banawali was possibly one over the upper middle course of that
The era of the
pre-Harappan period (2703 B.C.-2300 c. D.C.) is characterized by the typical pottery,
settlement pattern and architecture. -A wide range of to those found at Kalibangan
in Rajasthan, illustrates the developed ceramic art of
the settlers here.
A rich variety of shapes and designs speaks highly Of the level of their socioeconomic
existenc6 and their aesthetic taste. The
houses were built roughly along cardinal directions and points to definite town planning. Constructed usually of mould-made bricks, we find, occasionally,
structures made of kiln-baked bricks. The
civilization seems to have been conversant with the technology of copper smelting. Among personal ornaments, beads of gold,-
semi-precious stones, terracotta and
bangles of clay, shell, faience and copper .have been. recovered during the course of
excavation. The overall picture presents a fair degree of advancement - achieved by the pre-Harappans by the middle of the - 3rd
p're-Harappan culture was still young, a new' set of people occupied Banawali. 'They' soon built a 'well planned and fortified
township in the 'classical chessboard pattern'. The
broad arterial streets, running from north to south, have been found straight and
uninterrupted, whereas those, running from east to west, were usually narrow and
staggered. This planning, perhaps protected
the, town from the blistering winds of the west
and. severe monsoon, rains of ' the south-west. The
town seems to b divided in two sub-joined fortified areas, one separato t6d from the other
by a' six-to-seven-metre thick wall running centrally across the mound from north to
south. A narrow opening, pro I vided through
the defence wall in the centre of the mound, was, perhaps meant for communication between
the two parts of. the city blocks, of which the better fortified western side was
dominated by the elite, while the commoners and business communities -lived in the eastern
wing. This postem gate was guarded by a massive, square bastion. Planned mud-brick houses, with several rooms, a
kitchen, a '.toilet, etc. are found built on either side. of the roads and lanes. Their sanitary arrangements depended on the Use of
sanitary pottery jars which served as washbasins, as also for soakage purposes. Except in a few places, which demanded constant use
of water, structures were usually made of. Sun baked bricks meticulously moulded into
various sizes. 'Numerous' household items like
ovens, hearths, tandoors and blades made' of
chert and other stones, and sophisticated, ce'ramics known for their faniciful shapes have
been excavated. The principal kinds of pottery recovered includedvases, fruit stands,
chalice cups' handled clips, 'S-shaped jars' perforated jars, cooking handis,beakers, basins, rooters, etc:
motifs,peacocks, pipal and banana leaves, trees,
deer, 'stars, fish, flowers, '.intersecting circles, checker-board patterns and honeycomb
patterns are of special -interest. It is
noteworthy that the pre-Indus ceramic tradition ,Continues here throughout, whereas at
Kalibangan, - it dies out , half-way through. The
Harappan seals 'recovered here' depict a, rhinoceros, ibex, wild goat, unicorn, -a composite animal with a tiger's body and horns and the cubical weights
and gamesman type of weights made of stones and ivory or . bone reveal a great degree of
precision and superb craftsmanship of the Harappan artists.
Gold, copper and bronze pieces found here indicate that' they had a profound
knowledge of metallurgy. Among ornaments have
been found beads of gold, copper, agate, carnelian,'Iapis lazula, faience, shell, bone and
clay, bangles of . copper, faience shell and terracotfa, and pipal leaf'shipbd ear rings of faience.
of mother Goddess and the like suggest that the Harappans were very fond of decorating
their-. persons with elaborate headgear, ear rings, necklaces, garlands, etc., Copper and
bronze were used for weapons and tools as also for ornaments and items included arrows,
spearheads, razor blades, chisels, fish hooks, beads,, rings, bangles, antimony rods,
wires and hair pins. Iron, however, was not
known to them. . Terracotta figurines of bulls, ; buffaloes, deers, dogs, rhinoceros and.
birds are not only -the evidence of their folk art tradition, but also throw welcome light
on the fauna of those bygone days.,
The site has
attracted . the attention' of Indian archaeologists and in importance, it rivals Kotdljl
and Chanhuo (gind-Pakistan). Kalibangan
(Rajasthan), Surkotda and Lothal (Gujarat), Rakhigarhi (Hisar district) and Mitathal
Fatebabad (Tahsil Fatebabad)
Fatehabad, the headquarters of the
tahsil and the sub-division and districtof
the same name, lies in 290 3' north latitude and 750 30' east longitude, at a distance of
about 48 kilonietres north-west of Hisar on Delhi-Hisar-Sulemanki road. Its population was 22,630 in 1971 against the
population of 12,461 in 1961.
founded by the emperor Firuz ShahTughlaq andnamed after his son Fatch Khan in A.D. 1352. The site on which the town was founded was a hunt
i@ng ground. He dug a charmer from the
Ghaggar in order to supply the town with water. He
also built a fort which is now in ruins, the fortification walls can be seen on the east.
of the town. He also built three forts in the
neighboring villages in the name of his three sons.
The old,town was
surrounded by a wall which has been dismantled to a great extentexcept near the fort.
Fatehabad was an important trade centre for the export of surplus grain but with the
construction of Rewari-Bhatinda railway line which runs about 20 kilometres to the west of
the town, the trade shifted to Bhattu. But the
town assumed greater importance after the Independence when metalled roads provided
important link and the earlier importance of the town was revived.
monument is a Lat or a stone pillar measuring slightly less than 5 metres in height and 1.
90 metres in circumference at the base. It was
erected in the centre of an Idgah. The lower
portion of the pillar is a mono-block of light buff sandstone and is possibly the
remaining part of the pillar that lies in the mosque at Hisar. It is more than likely that both these pillars
once made a single monolithic pillar which was possibly erected by Asoka at Agroha or
Hansi. Firuz Shah Tughlaq had a craze for
taking away such columns and transplanting them among his favourite complexes. The Asokan epigraph that was once engraved on the
pillar was systematically chiselled off for writing the Tughlaq inscription recording the
genealogy of Firuz Shah in beautiful Tughra Arabic characters carved in high belief.
There are two
inscriptions, one on a light coloured rectangular sandstone studed into the left of the
screen-wall of Idgah, immediately behind or to the west of lat, praising the emperor
liamayun and the other one is on a rectangular sand-stone placed on the outer wall of the
mosque enclosure and contains a well-known invocation to Ali in Arabic. The mosque can still be seen in good conditions
but lies in disuse.
The other monument
is a small and a beautiful mosque known as Humayun Mosque. The
legend assigns the association of the mosque to the Mugbal Emperor Humayun who on his
flight after his defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri happened to pass through Fatehabad
on Friday and is said to have prayed at this mosque.
The inscription praising Emperor Humayun was originally found here and later
studded into the screen-wall of the Idgah. The
mosque is said to have been repaired by one Nur Rehmat in the early eighties of the last
There are facilities for stay at
P.W.D. rest house, H.S.E.B. rest house, market committee rest house and dharamsalas. The town is well provided with schools, college,
hospital and other basic necessities.
headquarters of the tahsil of the same name lies in 291143' north latitude and 75054' east
longitude at a distance of about 70 kms. from Hisar on Bhiwani-Hansi-Barwala-Tohana-Munak
road. The population of the town was 16,789
in 1971 against 12 394 in 1961.
Tohana can be
identified with ancient Taush ya na mentioned by Panini.1
After, the fall of Kurus, the town alongwith towns like
Indraprastba, Hisar, Sonepat, Rohtak and Rodi seems to have come under the Nandas and
MauryaS.2 Local traditions arttributes the foundation of the town to one Anangpal, and
Anangsar tank named after him still e'xists in the town. There
is an old Baoli near tahsil building. it is said that it was connected with Anangsar tank
through a tunnel. An old Shiva temple and
Gugga Mari exist in the town.
The town was
deserted during tile famine of 1783 and was repeopled in 1801 when Lt. Bourquin, the deputy.of General Peron of Scindhia
Independence, particularly after the formation of Haryana, the town assumed importance. It was upgraded from a sub-tahsil to tahsil and
became an important road junction and a grain market. The
town is provided with a Market Committee rest house, a Canal rest house (Baliyala),
schools, college , hospital, bus stand and other basic amenities.
Ratia (Tehsil Fatehabad)
The town is
located on the bank of the Ghaggar about 23 kms. north of Fatehabad in 29041'- north
latitude and 75034' east longitude. The
population of the town was 7,740 in 1971 as against 5,348 in- 1961.
Local traditions a
ttribute the foundation of the town to Rattan Nath, a
sadhu with extra-ordinary powers who medicated at the site and the town was named
after him.'The- town was deserted, during the famine of - 1783 but was repeopled in 1816
by one Rattan Singh Jat and the Patiala chief erected a fort and an outposts
It is an up-coming
mandi town and is well provided with basic amenities.
1. V.S. Agrawala, Panini Kalina Bkaratoyarsha, (Hindi) Banaras,
Ram Phogat, Rohtak and Hissar Districts throguh the ages, Jotirral of Haryana
Studies, Vol. V, No. l@2, 1973, P. 2.